Types of water
Types Of Water
Purified water :
- purified water is that has been mechanically filtered or processed to remove impurities and make it suitable for use.Purified water is water that has been mechanically filtered or processed to remove impurities and make it suitable for use. Distilled water has been the most common form of purified water, but, in recent years, water is more frequently purified by other processes including capacitive deionization, reverse osmosis, carbon filtering, microfiltration, ultrafiltration, ultraviolet oxidation, or electrodeionization. Combinations of a number of these processes have come into use to produce ultrapure water of such high purity that its trace contaminants are measured in parts per billion (ppb) or parts per trillion (ppt).
Spring water :
- A spring is a point at which water flows from an aquifer to the Earth’s surface. It is a component of the hydrosphere.A spring may be the result of karst topography where surface water has infiltrated the Earth‘s surface (recharge area), becoming part of the area groundwater. The groundwater then travels through a network of cracks and fissures—openings ranging from intergranular spaces to large caves. The water eventually emerges from below the surface, in the form of a karst spring.
Mineral water :
- Mineral water is water from a mineral spring that contains various minerals, such as salts and sulfur compounds. Mineral water may be classified as “still” or “sparkling” (carbonated/effervescent) according to the presence or absence of added gases.Traditionally, mineral waters were used or consumed at their spring sources, often referred to as “taking the waters” or “taking the cure,” at places such as spas, baths, or wells. The term spa was used for a place where the water was consumed and bathed in; bath where the water was used primarily for bathing, therapeutics, or recreation; and well where the water was to be consumed.
Distilled water :
- Distilled water is water that has been boiled into vapor and condensed back into liquid in a separate container. Impurities in the original water that do not boil below or at the boiling point of water remain in the original container. Thus, distilled water is one type of purified water.In chemical and biological laboratories, as well as in industry, cheaper alternatives such as deionised water are preferred to distilled water. But if these alternatives are not pure enough, distilled water is used. If exceptionally high purity water is required, double distilled water is used.
Artesian Water :
- An artesian aquifer is a confined aquifer containing groundwater under positive pressure. This causes the water level in a well to rise to a point where hydrostatic equilibrium has been reached. A well drilled into such an aquifer is called an artesian well.An artesian aquifer is a confined aquifer containing groundwater under positive pressure. … If a well were to be sunk into an artesian aquifer, water in the well-pipe would rise to a height corresponding to the point where hydrostatic equilibrium is reached.
Carbonated water :
- Carbonated water is water into which carbon dioxide gas under pressure has been dissolved, either by technology or by a natural geologic source. Many kinds of water are carbonated, including sparkling mineral water.Carbonated water is water that has been infused with carbon dioxide gas under pressure. This produces a bubbly drink that’s also known assparkling water, club soda, soda water, seltzer water and fizzy water. With the exception of seltzer water, carbonated waters usually have salt added to improve the taste.
Sterile water :
- Sterile water is characterized as water that is free of all microorganisms (like fungi, spores, bacteria etc. Sterile water also plays a vital role in medical research. Normal water if used in laboratory experiments …Sterile Water for Irrigation contains water that is sterilized and packaged for use as an irrigant. No antimicrobial agent or other substance has been added. The pH is 5.5 (5.0 to 7.0). Sterile Water for Irrigation is hypotonic with an osmolarity of zero mOsmol/L.